Web and iOS Development with Passion and Precision

Functional Complements to Swift, Part 1


In exploring ways to use functional programming concepts in Swift, I’ve made some additions to its basic language features. This is part of an ongoing series about functional components I’ve added to Swift.

Here, I’ve added a function to Array called partition. In short, the function will partition the Array into a Dictionary based on a function which takes an Element of the Array and returns its corresponding Key into the Dictionary.

extension Array {
  func partition<Key>(key: (Element)->Key) -> [Key: [Element]] {
  var groups = [Key: [Element]]()
    for element in self {
      let key = key(element)
      var group = groups[key] ?? [Element]()
      groups[key] = group
    return groups

Now we can use the method to partition our arrays!

let nums = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10]
nums.partition { n in
	n % 2 == 0 ? "even" : "odd"

This will give us the following Dictionary.

["odd": [1, 3, 5, 7, 9], "even": [2, 4, 6, 8, 10]]

Without our method, we could could achieve the same thing using Array’s reduce(initial: combine:), like so.

let groups = ["odd": [Int](), "even": [Int]()]
nums.reduce(groups) { (var groups, n) in
  let key = n % 2 == 0 ? "even" : "odd"
  return groups

Our partition is, obviously, much more terse and readable. I haven’t needed to use this method in any projects yet, but I can see it being very useful somewhere.

Check out the full code.